基于市民满意度的城市更新生态效益评价研究——以西安幸福林带为例
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1.中建丝路建设投资有限公司;2.西安交通大学管理学院;3.中建丝路建设投资有限公司,西安交通大学人居环境与建筑工程学院

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中国博士后科学“协同视角下城市更新模式、效率评价与政策优化研究”(2020M673524);江苏省高校哲学社会科学研究一般项目“碳排放峰值目标倒逼机制下江苏工业结构调整研究”(2019SJA0168)。


Study on ecological benefit evaluation of urban renewal based on citizen satisfaction ——Taking Xi"an happiness forest belt as an example
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1.China State Construction Silk Road Construction Investment Group;2.School of Management, Xi'3.'4.an Jiaotong University;5.School of Human Settlements and Civil Engineering, Xi'

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    摘要:

    基于可持续发展的城市更新生态效益评价研究正获得越来越多的关注。本文立足于中国城市更新实践,构建城市更新生态效益市民满意度结构方程模型,采用空气质量、热岛效应、植被绿化、资源节约、城市交通、城市空间六个指标测度市民对城市更新生态效益的评价,选取西安市幸福林带城市更新项目为案例,通过问卷调查获取研究数据,并对模型进行拟合修正,评价市民对西安幸福林带城市更新项目生态效益的满意度。研究发现,市民的生态期望与整体期望达成率分别为94.3%和97.4%,市民预期得到较好满足;市民期望对生态效益市民感知具有正向影响,路径系数为0.381;生态效益市民感知对市民满意度有显著正向影响,路径系数为0.903;市民满意度对市民信任有显著正向影响,路径系数为0.955。基于研究结论,未来的城市更新应持续提升生态服务质量以改善居民生态环境体验,推动建立城市更新的生态、经济、社会、人文效益协同的发展机制,建立城市更新的政府、居民、开发商多元主体协同的建设治理机制。

    Abstract:

    The evaluation of ecological benefits of urban renewal based on sustainable development is receiving increasing attention. Based on the practice of urban renewal in China, this paper construct a Structural Equation Model (SEM) of citizen satisfaction, takes Xi'an happiness forest belt urban renewal project as an example to evaluate urban renewal ecological benefits. By using six indicators, namely, air quality, heat island effect, vegetation greenery, resource conservation, urban transportation and urban space to measure the ecological benefits of urban renewal, it evaluates citizens' satisfaction with the ecological benefits of Xi'an happiness forest belt urban renewal project. The study found out that most of the citizens’ expectation can be met as the achievement rates of ecological expectation and overall expectation of citizens for Xi'an happiness forest belt urban renewal project were 94.3% and 97.4% respectively. Citizen expectation has a positive impact on citizen perception of ecological benefits, and the path coefficient is 0.381; citizen perception of ecological benefits has a significant positive impact on citizen satisfaction, and the path coefficient is 0.903; and citizen satisfaction has a significant positive impact on citizen trust, and the path coefficient is 0.955. Based on the research conclusions, the future urban renewal should continue to improve the quality of ecological services to improve residents' ecological environment experience, promote the establishment of a coordinated development mechanism of ecological, economic, social and cultural benefits of urban renewal, and establish a coordinated construction and governance mechanism of multiple subjects of government, residents and developers of urban renewal.

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张武林,范明月,史辉情.基于市民满意度的城市更新生态效益评价研究——以西安幸福林带为例[J].南京信息工程大学学报,,():

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  • 收稿日期:2021-11-18
  • 最后修改日期:2021-12-02
  • 录用日期:2021-12-03
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