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区块链技术在教育领域的应用现状与展望
投稿时间:2019-09-20    点此下载全文
引用本文:黄达明.区块链技术在教育领域的应用现状与展望[J].南京信息工程大学学报,2019,11(5):541~550
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作者单位
黄达明 南京大学 计算机科学与技术系, 南京, 210023 
中文摘要:区块链本质上的去中心化和安全特性,使得其很适合于解决目前教育领域面临的困难.本文首先介绍了区块链的基本技术原理,包括区块的结构和区块链的构成、区块链技术平台的体系结构、区块链的分类、共识算法、智能合约.接着分析了目前教育领域发展的终身教育和跨地区教育的新形势,以及传统数字化教育系统面临的主要问题.然后从教育相关信息的多方共享和验证、学习过程跟踪、激励和学习路径塑造、学习评估、教育管理与决策辅助等几个方面对区块链技术在教育领域的应用现状进行了介绍和分析.最后总结了目前区块链技术应用到教育领域的主要问题,并展望了未来的发展方向.
中文关键词:区块链技术  教育领域  共识算法  智能合约
 
Application of blockchain technology in education: current status and future trends
Abstract:Blockchain technology is quite suitable to solve the difficulties in the field of education due to its secure and decentralized nature.This paper introduces blockchain's basic theory and key technologies which include the block structure and construction of blockchain,the architecture of blockchain platform,types of blockchain,consensus algorithms and smart contract.Then the new trends in modern education field such as lifelong education and cross-domain education are presented and the limitations of traditional digital education system are discussed.We give detailed description and analysis of the application of blockchain technology in the field of education such as educational data sharing and verification,learning tracing,awarding and shaping of study path,study evaluation,educational management and decision making.Finally the questions in application of blockchain technology in education field and future research directions are summarized.
keywords:blockchain technology  field of education  consensus algorithms  smart contract
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